Abaka, Charlotte. UNHCR: Situation of Human Rights in Liberia. Report of the independent expert on technical cooperation and advisory services in Liberia, 2006, http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/. UNHRC, LBR,47fdfb31d,0.html.

Archibald, Steve and Edward Mulbah. Version 2: Short Term Technical Assistance to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of the Republic of Liberia for Conflict Mapping Project. Report prepared by Transtec, October 2008. Online.

“Briefing Paper on Justice and Reconciliation in Liberia: ‘A Way Forward.’” The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, Nairobi Roundtable, January 2010.

Government of Liberia, Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD), the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL), and Political Parties. “Comprehensive Peace Agreement.” Ghana: ECOWAS Peace Process for Liberia, 18 August 2003. Online.

Government of Liberia. The Constitution of the Republic of Liberia, 6 January 1986.

Hayner, Pricilla. Negotiating Justice: Guidance for Mediators. Report prepared by the Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, 25 February 2009. Online. 

Hayner, Pricilla. Negotiating Peace in Liberia: Preserving the Possibility for Justice. Report prepared by the Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, 25 November 2007. Online.

Kamara-Umunna, A., and E. Holland. And Still Peace Did Not Come: A Memoir of Reconciliation. New York: Hyperion, 2011.

Musah, Abdel-Fatau. West Africa: Governance and Security in a Changing Region. Report prepared by the International Peace Institute as part of the Africa Program Working Paper Series, 2009. Online.

National Transitional Legislative Assembly of Liberia. An Act of the Legislature to Establish the Governance Commission (GC). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Liberia, 9 October 2007. Online.

National Transitional Legislative Assembly of Liberia. An Act to  Establish The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of Liberia. Government of Liberia, 12 May 2005. Online.

Novati, Giampaolo Calchi. “At the Sources of the Contemporary African State: Late XIX Century Polity and Society in Monrovia and Freetown.” The Journal of Pan African Studies 1, no. 8 (2007). Online. http://news-business.vlex.com/vid/sources-xix-polity-monrovia-freetown-5....

Omeje, Kenneth, ed. War to Peace Transition: Conflict Intervention and  Peacebuilding in Liberia. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2009.

Reno, William. Warlord Politics and African States. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1509 [On the Question Concerning Liberia], U.N. Doc. S/RES/1509 (19 Sept. 2003), http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1885 [On the Question Concerning Liberia], U.N. Doc. S/RES/1885 (15 Sept. 2009), http://www.unhcr.org. 

Weah, Aaron. “Hopes and Uncertainties: Liberia’s Journey to End Impunity. The International Journal of Transitional Justice 6, no. 2 (2012):331-344.

United Nations Mission in Liberia and the Government of Liberia. Priority Plan for Peacebuilding Fund: Liberia 2008.  United Nations Mission in Liberia and the Government of Liberia, February 2008. http://www.unpbf.org/countries/liberia/


Advocates for Human Rights. ‘“A House with Two Rooms’: Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia Diaspora Project.” Saint Paul, MN: Dispute Resolution Institute Press of the Hamline University School of Law, June 2009, www.theadvocatesforhumanrights.org.

Allemano, Eric, Jane C. Miller, and Gary Walker. Liberia Youth Fragility Assessment. Report prepared by the Aguirre Division of JBS International, Inc., and Associates for Global Change at the request of USAID, April 2009, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADQ258.pdf.

Ellis, Stephen. The Mask of Anarchy: The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of an African Civil War. New York: New York University Press, 2001.

Fearon, J. D., and D. D. Laitin. “Ethnicity, Insurgency and Civil War,” American Political Science Review 97, no. 1 (2003):75-90.

Pillay, Anu. “Truth Seeking and Gender: The Liberian Experience,” African Journal of Conflict Resolution 9, no. 2 (2009):91-99.

“TRC of Liberia: Diaspora Findings and Recommendations.” National Conference on
Reconciliation and The Way Forward, Monrovia, Liberia, June 2009.

Winder, R. Bayly. “The Lebanese in West Africa,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 4, no. 3 (1962):296-333.

Reconciliation & Healing

Anderlini, Sanam Naraghi. What the Women Say: Participation and UNSCR 1325. Report prepared by the International Civil Society Action Network and the MIT Center for International Studies, October 2010, http://web.mit.edu/cis/pdf/WomenReport_10_2010.pdf.

The Carter Center. “Statement by The Carter Center on the Release of the Final Report of Liberia's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.” Atlanta, GA: The Carter Center, 14 July 2009, http://www.cartercenter.org/news/pr/liberia-trc-rpt-071409.html.

Cibelli, Kristen, Amelia Hoover, and Jule Kruger. Descriptive Statistics from Statements to the Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Report prepared by the Benetech Human Rights Program at the request of the TRC of Liberia, 3 July 2009, http://humansecuritygateway.com/documents/BENETECH_DescriptiveStatistics....

Dolan, C., N. Mncwabe, M. C. Okello, L. Onegi, S. Oola, and U. Wande, eds.  Where Law Meets  Reality: Forging African Transitional Justice. Oxford: Pambuzuka Press, 2012.

International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ). “Liberia: TRC Report Important but Not Last Step,” The Perspective, 3 July 2009, http://www.theperspective.org/2009/0705200901.html.

International Crisis Group. “Liberia: Time for Much-Delayed Reconciliation and Reform,” Africa Briefing, no. 88 (2012), http://www.crisisgroup.org.

Isser, Deborah H., Stephen C. Lubkemann, and Saah N’Tow. Looking for Justice: Liberian Experiences with and Perceptions of Local Justice Options. Report prepared by the United States Institute for Peace, November 2009, http://www.usip.org/publications.

Jalloh, Chernor, and Alhagi Marong. “Ending Impunity: The Case for War Crimes Trials in
Liberia,” African Journal of Legal Studies 2 (2005):53-79, http://gulib.georgetown.edu/newjour/a/msg04071.html.

Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen. Annual Message to the National Legislature of the Republic of Liberia, 6th Session of the 52nd Legislature. Monrovia, 24 January 2011, http://www.emansion.gov.lr/doc/20110125_annual_message.pdf.

Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s Peace Message to the World Delivered at the Nobel Peace Prize Concert. Oslo, Norway, 11 December 2011, http://www.emansion.gov.lr/doc/20111211President_Sirleafs_Message_of_Pea....

Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen. Special Message by Her Excellency Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Keynote Address. Gbarnga, Bong County: Republic of Liberia., 27 July 2009, http://www.emansion.gov.lr/doc/7_26_09_President26Remarks.pdf.

Justice for Liberia: The Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Recommendation for an Internationalized Domestic War Crimes Court. Report prepared by Human Rights Watch, 10 December 2009, http://www.hrw.org/news/2009/12/11/liberia-trc.

Liberian Council of Churches. “A Statement of The Church in Liberia under the auspices of the Liberian Council of Churches on the Occasion of the publication of the Final Consolidated Unedited Report of theTruth and Reconciliation Commission.” Liberian Council of Churches press release, 21 August 2009, online.
Morlu, John S. “Report of the Auditor General on the Independent National Commission on Human Rights for the Fiscal Year 2006/2007.” Monrovia: General Auditing Commission of the Government of Liberia, 28 October 2008, online.

TRC Final Report, Consolidated Report (edited). Monrovia: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia, 3 December 2009, http://trcofliberia.org/reports/final-report.

TRC Final Report, Consolidated Report (unedited). Monrovia: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia, 30 June 2009, http://trcofliberia.org/reports/final-report.

Williams, George W. “Consolidating Democracy: The Role of Political Parties.” Paper presented at the Two-Day Consultative Meeting of Top Five Parties, Monrovia, 11-12 April 2007.  Paper prepared by Liberia Democracy Watch, http://www.liberiademocracywatch.org.

The Current Situation in Liberia

Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Transformation Index (BTI). Liberia Country Report, 2012, http://www.bti-project.org/laendergutachten/wca/lbr/2012/.

International Monetary Fund. “Liberia: Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility—Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Liberia.” Country Report, no. 12/121 (2012), http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2012/cr12121.pdf.

International Crisis Group. “Liberia: How Sustainable Is the Recovery?” Africa Report, no. 177 (19 August 2011), http://www.crisisgroup.org.

International Labour Organisation. “A Rapid Impact Assessment of the Global Economic Crisis on Liberia.” International Labour Organisation, November 2009, http://www.ilo.org.

Jaye, Thomas. “An Assessment Report on Security Sector Reform in Liberia.” Governance Reform Commission of Liberia, 22 September 2006, http://www.ssrnetwork.net/document_library.

Ministry of Planning and Economic Affairs. “Liberia’s Quarterly Economic Outlook: 1st Quarter 2010.”  Government of Liberia, 2010, http://www.philanthropynewyork.org.

UNMIL, Human Rights and Protection Section. “Report on the Human Rights Situation in Liberia, January-June 2009.” United Nations Mission in Liberia, 2009, http://unmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=3934&language=en-US.

U.N. Secretary-General. “Twenty-second Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Liberia.” Security Council, U.N. Doc. S/2011/72 (14 February 2011), http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc.

U.N. Secretary-General. “Twenty-third Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Liberia,” Security Council, U.N. Doc. S/2011/497 (5 August 2011), http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc.


Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace. Copyright © 2013.
Published by Plowshares: a Peace Studies Collaborative of Earlham and Goshen Colleges and Manchester University. Supported by a grant from the Henry Luce Foundation Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.
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